The term “Agreement State” refers to the agreement between the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) and individual states governing the regulation of radioactive materials within the state. This agreement grants the state authority to regulate certain activities within its borders, such as the possession, use, and disposal of radioactive materials, as long as the state complies with NRC standards and regulations.
An agreement state example can be seen in the state of California. California is one of 37 states that have entered into an agreement with the NRC to regulate radioactive materials within their borders. The California Department of Public Health (CDPH) is responsible for licensing and regulating the use of radioactive materials in the state.
Under the California Radiation Control Regulations, licensees must comply with numerous requirements set forth by the CDPH. These requirements include maintaining records, submitting periodic reports to the CDPH, and conducting regular inspections of licensed facilities and equipment.
An additional agreement state example can be found in the state of Texas. The Texas Department of State Health Services (DSHS) is responsible for regulating the use of radioactive materials in the state and has been an agreement state since 1962.
The DSHS enforces state regulations related to radiation protection, including licensing and inspection of facilities, the handling and disposal of radioactive materials, and emergency preparedness and response.
One of the primary benefits of the agreement state program is that it allows for more localized regulation of radioactive materials. States are better equipped to understand the unique risks and needs of their communities and can tailor their regulations accordingly. This can lead to increased efficiency and a more streamlined regulatory process.
In conclusion, the agreement state program allows states to regulate the use of radioactive materials within their borders while still maintaining compliance with federal regulations. As demonstrated by examples in California and Texas, this program appears to be an effective way to ensure the safe handling and disposal of radioactive materials while still allowing for flexibility in implementing regulations.